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Course Description

Credit Units: 2

Lecturers: Mrs. Deborah, F. (MA, B Ed. English Language), Email Id:, College of Education & Social Sciences, Department of English Language.

Learning Outcomes/Objectives:

This course aims to give you an understanding of the concept of learning, what is meant by human learning, theories of learning and their implications for human learning. Schedule of reinforcement and their implications for behaviour management, some factors affecting learning, and how interest in learning can be sustained are also targets of this course.

Learning Outcomes/ Objectives

At the end of the course, the student will be able to;

  1. Define the concept of learning
  2. Explain what is meant by human learning
  3. Discuss the five stages of learning process
  4. Explain Thorndike’s theory of learning
  5. Describe Skinner’s Operant conditioning theory of learning
  6. Discuss Pavlov’s Classical conditioning theory of learning
  7. Explain Gestalt theory of learning
  8. Discuss the implications of theories of learning for human learning
  9. Specify basic ratio of reinforcement
  10. Explain factors affecting learning
  11. Discuss how teachers can assist students in training their memory
  12. Enumerate classroom implications of transfer of learning

Course Content

  • Learning Conceptual Clarification
  • Learning Process
  • Factors Affecting Learning
  • Classical Conditioning – Ivan Pavlov
  • Thorndike’s Theory of Connectionism
  • Skinner’s Operant conditioning
  • Applications of Operant conditioning
  • Some factors affecting learning
  • Additional theories of learning
  • Motivation
  • Additional Theories of Motivation
  • Critique of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
  • Observational learning
  • Transfer of Learning
  • Remembering and Forgetting

Methods of Instruction:

  • Lectures
  • Tutorials
  • Discussion groups
  • Projects (e.g. teaching practice, seminar presentation)
  • Reading of articles from relevant educational journals

Methods of Course Assessment:

Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with the university policy. The lecturer will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. Evaluation will be based on the following:

Criteria Marks

Individual Works/Tasks 10

Class Tests 10

Class Assignments 10

Final Examination 70


Pre-requisite courses:


Co-requisite course(s):


Recommended Reference Materials:


  1. Alhassan, A.B. (2000) Understanding Educational Psychology Zaria, Nigeria: Tamaza Publishing Company.
  2. American Psychological Association (1984) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. American Psychologist.
  3. American Psychological Association (1984) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct American Psychologist.
  4. Cunningham, C. (1985) Training and education approaches for parents and children with special needs. British Journal of Medical Psychology 58 (3), 285 – 305.

Please click on the course content tab to have access to all required materials for this course.

Legacy University COVID-19 Response

We wish you and your loved ones health and peace during these uncharted times. Our University remains open with the implementation of online classes for the 2020 academic year via our Legacy University Open eSchool (

For general question please email us at:, call (+220) 507-3964 or visit the university website -