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Course Description

Credit Units: 2
Associate Professor ABD’Razack, Nelson (PhD; MNITP,RTP) Email: College of Agriculture, Engineering and Environmental Design Department of Urban and Regional Planning

Course description:

At the end of the course, Students should be able to: Understand the process of Nonviolent Movements in Global Perspective, Its Theory and Practice; Know the reason for Nonviolent Movements in the Gambia; understand the Water Conservation Movement and Anti Corruption Movement; Expalin the importance of Green Peace Movement in Europe and Solidarity Movement in Poland to peace and Conflict Resolution; understand the impact of Nonviolent Movement to Social Change; Examine the role of women in Noviolent movements. 

This course includes the following lecture themes: This course has the following thematic areas to be considered: 1. Nonviolent Movements in Global Perspective Theory and Practice 2. Nonviolent Movements in the Gambia 3. Water Conservation Movement and Anti Corruption Movement 4. Green Peace Movement in Europe and Solidarity Movement in Poland 5. Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa 6. Nonviolent Movement and Social Change 

Methods of Instruction: 

  1. a) Lecture b) Tutorials c) Assignment d) Term Paper and Seminar Presentation) 

Methods of Course Assessment: Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with the university policy. The lecturer will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. Evaluation will be based on the following: 

Criteria Marks Teest 20 Term Paper 10 Semester Examination 70 Total 100 

Pre-requisite courses: None 

Co-requisite course(s): None 

Recommended Reference Materials: Textbooks 1. J. S. Mathur (1977). Non-violence and Social Change Printed & Published by: Jitendra T. Desai Navajivan Mudranalaya Ahmedabad 380 014 (INDIA) 2. Karen. Brandow (2014): Nonviolent action for social change : its effects on activists. University of Massachusetts Amherst ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst 3. Goodwin, Jeff and James Jasper. 2006. The Social Movements Reader: 

Cases and Concepts. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 4. Helvey, Robert. 2004. On Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: Thinking About the Fundamentals. East Boston, MA: The Albert Einstein Institution 5. Maharaj, Mac. 2008. The ANC and South Africa’s Negotiating Transition to Democracy and Peace. Edited by Veronique Dudouet and David Bloomfield. Berlin: Berghof Research Centre for Constructive Conflict Management. 6. Mekata, Michael. 2000. “Building Partnerships towards a Common Goal: Experiences of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines.” In: Ann M. Florini (ed.). The Third Force: The Rise Of Transnational Civil Society, Washington and Tokyo: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Japan Centre for International Exchange. 

  1. Gbowee, Leymah & Carol Mithers. 2011. Mighty Powers: How Sisterhood, Prayer and Sex Changed a Nation at War. New York: Beast Books 

Journals 1. International Journal of Peace Studies 2. Journal of Conflict Management and Peace Science 3. European Journal of International Law 

Web http://

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Legacy University COVID-19 Response

We wish you and your loved ones health and peace during these uncharted times. Our University remains open with the implementation of online classes for the 2020 academic year via our Legacy University Open eSchool (

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