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Course Description

Credit Units: 2
Lecturer: Dr. IKWUKA A.O. (MD, Sp. Cert., PhD Medicine) Email Id:, College of Health Sciences, Department of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Course description:

This course explores the dynamic principles of the concept of health. Its medical applications shall constitute the second part of this course for second year students i.e. SEN 032 – The Concept of Health II. Students will also engage in discussion of current primary research literature in the field of health.

Learning Outcomes:

With learning this course and upon the completion of this course, students should be able to:
 Understand the Changing Concept of Health.
 Define Health and explain the New Philosophy of Health.
 Understand the Dimensions of Health and Positive Health.
 Discuss the Concept of Wellbeing and Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI).
 Explain the Human Development Index (HDI) and Spectrum of Health.
 Discuss the Determinants of Health; Ecology of Health; Responsibility for Health; Health and Development.
 List the Indicators of Health and explain the Sustainable Development Goals.
 Understand the meaning of Developed and Developing Regions.
 Explain Selected Health and Socio-economic Indicators.

This course includes the following lecture topics per week:

1. Introduction, Definition of Health
Brief history of the Changing Concept of Health
Determinants of Health
2. Contemporary Health Issues
• Non-communicable and Communicable diseases
• Malnutrition, Obesity
• Poverty and lack of access to quality healthcare
• Shortage of medical personnel in developing countries
• Economic migration
3. Sepsis; Asepsis; Sterilisation; Disinfection
4. Mental Health
Risk factors for mental health problems: Lifestyle, Environment, Biological, Family history
5. Public Health & Global Health: Goals, Challenges
6. Occupational Health: Noise pollution, Dust pollution, Radiation hazards
7. Essentials for optimal health: Personal hygiene, habitat, diet, exercise, sleep, accessible healthcare
8. Health indices: Fertility rate, Maternal mortality rate, Infant mortality rate, Life expectancy

Methods of Instruction: 

  • Lectures 
  • Tutorials 
  • Discussion groups 
  • Guest lectures 
  • Projects (e.g. case studies, poster presentation, seminar presentation) 

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  • Reading of articles from relevant scientific journals 

Methods of Course Assessment: Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with the university policy. The lecturer will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. Evaluation will be based on the following: 

Criteria Marks 

Individual Works/Tasks 10 

Class Tests 10 

Class Assignments 10 

Final Examination 70 

TOTAL 100 

Pre-requisite course:
Health Science, Advanced Biology

Co-requisite courses:
BIO 011 – General Biology I
BIO 010 – Practical Biology

Recommended Reference Materials: Textbooks

1. RajVir Bhalwar, et al (2009) Textbook of Public Health and Community Medicine, 1st Edition
2. Parikshit Sanyal (2015) Community Medicine – A Student’s Manual, 1st Edition

1. Journal of Health Sciences (
2. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition (
3. Health: SAGE Journals (


Please click on the course content tab to have access to all required materials for this course.

Legacy University COVID-19 Response

We wish you and your loved ones health and peace during these uncharted times. Our University remains open with the implementation of online classes for the 2020 academic year via our Legacy University Open eSchool (

For general question please email us at:, call (+220) 507-3964 or visit the university website -