Current Status
Not Enrolled
Get Started

Course Description

Credit Units: 2
Lecturer: Mr. Ajayi Tobi, Email Id:, College of Health Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences

Course Description:

This course is an introduction to paediatric nursing, which is a branch of nursing concerned with the care of infants and children. It will help the students to have more knowledge on common paediatric diseases and conditions in the Gambia. 


It is designed to equip the students with theoretical and practical skills for handling infants, children and their mothers both in and out of the hospital settings. The overall aim is to introduce the students to the common disease conditions of children and their management. To achieve this, students will be introduced to: 

  • Philosophy of care 
  • Roles of a paediatric nurse 
  • The Rights of the child 
  • Disease prevention and health promotion 
  • Nursing the sick child 
  • Basic nursing care with care plans 
  • How to communicate with children. 


To achieve these objectives, this course shall be treated as follows: 

Page 1 of

NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT IN PAEDIATRICS Introduction, Definition of terms, Goals/ purposes for nutritional assessment or growth monitoring, Indications, World Health Organisation (WHO) and Gambia standards for growth monitoring, Components of nutritional assessment in paediatrics, Equipment for growth monitoring 

COMMON CONDITIONS AND INJURIES IN PAEDIATRICS/ PAEDIATRIC ACCIDENTS Sources of infection starting from intra-natal period to post-natal (WHO and the Gambia) Predisposing factors, Common infections of neonates (WHO and in The Gambia), Mode of infections, Clinical features, Managements, including nursing management. Types of Birth Injuries/accidents, Predisposing factors, Signs and symptoms, Treatment/management including Nursing care 

INFANT FEEDING WHO and Gambia standards of Breastfeeding practices, Consequences of ineffective suckling. Advantages and disadvantages of breast feeding, what mothers and Nurses do when there is Insufficiency of milk, Complementary feeding and Formula feeding (both WHO and Gambia standard). The breast milk: components: Physiological basis, Characteristics 

CARE OF PAEDIATRIC PATIENT Effect of hospitalisation on both paediatrics and parents (infant, toddler, pre-schooler and school age), Vital signs, Intake and output, Medications: best way to give them (infants, toddlers, pre-schoolers and school age). Emergency care for paediatrics (WHO and Gambia) Nursing care. 

GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT (G & D) Introduction of Growth, and Development. Maturation, Importance of Growth and Development to paediatrics, Nurses and the family. Principles of G & D, Types of G & D Stages of G & D, New Born senses in Respect to Development, Dentition, and Measuring of weight and height 

MALNUTRITION Types, Common forms of undernutrition / malnutrition, Differences between Kwashiorkor and marasmus, Signs and symptoms, Overnutrition, Risk factors, Management/treatment/Nursing interventions. Consequences in the Gambia, Prevention measures by WHO and in The Gambia 

VACCINATION AND IMMUNISATION Definition of vaccination and immunisation, Immunity and types of immunity, Types of vaccines, Scheme of immunisation. What vaccination schedule is in The Gambia (EPI), Purpose of Immunisation, How EPI (Gambia) schedules it for children and giving of appointments, Route of administration, Level of effectiveness, Storage of vaccines in The Gambia, The Cold Chain, Recommended age, and Hazards of Immunisation. 

Page 2 of

COMMON CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES Risk factors, types, Signs and symptoms, Diagnosis and Management of each. The management shall include Medical, Surgical and Nursing Management. (How they are managed in the Gambia including names of Hospitals that manage them) 


Methods of Course Assessment: Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with the university policy. The lecturer will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. Evaluation will be based on the following: 

Criteria Marks 

Individual Works/Tasks 10 

Class Tests 10 

Class Assignments 10 

Final Examination 70 

TOTAL 100 

Recommended Reference Materials: Textbooks 1. Pediatric Primary Care by Catherine E. 2. Wongs nursing care of infants and children. 3. Principles of Pediatric Nursing: caring for a sick child by Burns and Chaps. 4. Wongs Essentials of Pediatric Nursing. 

Web 1. 2. 3.

Please click on the course content tab to have access to all required materials for this course.

Legacy University COVID-19 Response

We wish you and your loved ones health and peace during these uncharted times. Our University remains open with the implementation of online classes for the 2020 academic year via our Legacy University Open eSchool (

For general question please email us at:, call (+220) 507-3964 or visit the university website -